» Home » The Beliefs of a Muslim » Belief in the Angels

Belief in the Angels

One must believe that the angels are from the creation of Allah; no one knows their exact number except Him. They are from the unseen world. Allah created them to worship and obey Him. They carry out all of Allah’s orders, from administration, observation, guarding and protecting the universe as well its creatures, all according to Allah’s Will and Order. Allah says:

"The Messiah (Jesus«may god exalt their mention») will never be so proud to reject being a slave to Allah, nor [will] the angels who are near (to Allah)." (4:172)

The Angels act as emissaries between Allah and His Messengers. Allah says:

"Which the trustworthy Rooh [Jibreel (Gabriel)] has brought down; * Upon your heart (O Muhammad «peace be upon him») that you may be (one) of the warners, * In a plain Arabic language." (26:193-195)

Allah has charged the angels with specific duties, and they do what they are commanded. Allah says:

"They fear their Lord above them, and they do what they are commanded." (16:50)

The angels are not partners, associates, or rivals with Allah, nor are they His children; but one must still respect and love them. Allah says:

"And they say: ‘The Most Beneficent (Allah) has begotten a child [from the angels].’ Far removed is He from every imperfection! They (the angels) are but honored slaves. They speak not until He has spoken, and [then] they act on His Command." (21:26-27)

They spend their time worshipping and obeying Allah, glorifying Him and praising Him. Allah says:

"They (i.e. the angels) glorify His praises night and day, (and) without slackening (to do so)." (21:20)

The angels were created from light. The Prophet said:

'The angels were created from light, the Jinn were created from a smokeless flame of fire, and Adam was created from what was described to you (black dry clay).' (Muslim #2996)

Although they were created from light, they cannot be seen. Allah has given them the ability to change their appearance in order to be seen and witnessed. Allah informs us that Jibreel (Gabriel) («may god exalt their mention») came to Maryam (Mary) in the form of a man:

"She placed a screen [to screen herself] from them; then We sent to her Our Rooh (Jibreel «may god exalt their mention»), and he appeared before her in the form of a man in all respects. * She said: ‘Verily! I seek refuge with the Most Beneficent (Allah) from you, if you do fear Allah.’ * [The angel] said: ‘I am only a Messenger from your Lord [to announce] to you the gift of a righteous son." (19:17-19)

The Prophet saw Jibreel («may god exalt their mention») in his actual form; he had six hundred wings, and the whole horizon was blocked. (Bukhari #3063)

Allah informed us of the names and tasks of some of the angels, such as; Jibreel (Gabriel) («may god exalt their mention») who was given the task of revelation. Allah says:

"Which the trustworthy Rooh [Jibreel (Gabriel)] has brought down; * upon your heart (O Muhammad «peace be upon him») that you may be (one) of the warners." (99:7)

Israafeel is given the task to blow the trumpet on the Day of Resurrection, while Meekaa`eel is in charge of the rain and vegetation. Every human has been appointed two angels, one who records his righteous deeds and the other who records his sins. Allah says:

"(Remember!) That the two recorders (angels) record, one sitting on his right and one on his left." (50:17)

The Angel of Death (Malak-ul-Mawt) is the angel given the task of collecting peoples' souls at the time of death. Allah says:

"Say: ‘The Angel of Death who is set over you will take your souls, and then you shall be brought back to your Lord." (32:11)

Maalik is the Keeper of Hell. Allah says:

"And they will cry: ‘O Maalik! Let your Lord make an end of us.’ He will say: ‘Verily, you shall abide therein forever." (43:77)

Ridhwaan is the keeper of Jannah, and there are others also charged with guarding humans. There are other angels and each has been assigned a task. Some have been mentioned in the Qur'an and Sunnah , while others have not, but we must believe in them all.

Merits of Belief in the Angels

  1. One would understand the greatness of Allah His power and ability, and His All-Encompassing Knowledge, from the greatness of His creation which is a proof confirming the greatness of the Creator.

  2. When a Muslim knows that there are Angels who record all that he says and does, and that everything he does is either for him or held against him, he would be keen to perform righteous deeds and abstain from sins, whether he is alone or in public.

  3. One would safeguard himself from believing in superstitions and fables.

  4. One would recognize the mercy Allah shows to His slaves; for Allah assigned to every individual angels who guard him and take care of his affairs.